Founded in the 13th century, Sukhothai, which literally means “Dawn of Happiness,” was the first truly independent Thai Kingdom and enjoyed a golden age under King Ramkhamhaeng the Great, who was loved by Sukhothai and Thai people and is credited with creating the Thai alphabet. The superb temples and monuments of this great city have been lovingly restored, and Sukhothai Historical Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a must-see for all travelers.
Sukhothai province was once the kingdom and the first capital of Thailand 700 years ago. The word ‘Sukhothai’ means ‘the dawn of happiness’. As the first capital of Thailand, it is one of the important and well-known cities among tourists for its long History. Most attractions in Sukhothai relate to Historical backgrounds such as Phra Mae Ya Shrine situated in front of the City Hall, by Yom River.
The shrine houses the stone figure of Phra Mae Ya, and it is believed to house the spirit of King Ramkhamhaeng. Noen Prasat Phra Ruang or the Sukhothai Palace boundary is the ruin of ancient brick buildings with lotus-based figures. It is believed that the area was once the pavilion of the kings in Phra Ruang dynasty of ancient Sukhothai. This area is interesting due to its mystical and wonderful construction.
The superb temples and monuments of this great city have been lovingly restored, and Sukhothai Historical Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a must-see for all travelers, particularly in the evening when the graceful Buddha images are illuminated by lights, while exploring the grassy, tree lined park via bicycle, or most spectacularly, during the Loy Krathong festival, when hundreds of candle-powered, floating lanterns are released into the sky.
King Ramkhamhaeng promoted religion and culture, and brought Chinese artisans back to the city to teach his people the art of pottery. Visitors can visit Villages still engaged in the production of Sangkhalok Pottery as well as Hat Siao cloth, named for the village in Si Satchanalai district, just north of Sukhothai town. This famous hand-woven cloth is produced not far from Si Satchanalai Historical Park, where the ruins of another important historical city can be explored.