The National museum reveals the history of Thailand and how people lived during different periods. Located on the opposite side of Sanam Luang, The National Museum was established in 1887 by King Rama V.
The museum’s original building was formerly the palace of a vice-ruler, and its foundation collection was previously stored at The Grand Palace.
The first Thai museum was set up in the reign of His Majesty King Mongkut, King Rama IV as a royal, private museum in the Grand Palace. However, during King Chulalongkorn’s (King Rama V) reign, his Majesty ordered to establish the museum inside the grand palace that was open to the public for the first time.
This marked the birth of the first National Museum in Thailand. In 1887, King Rama V ordered to move the museum to the front palace, and subsequently developed it into the Bangkok National Museum. The museum exhibits and showcases Thailand’s rich history, which also includes art, archaeology and ethnology.
Currently, the museum houses three permanent exhibition galleries: The Thai History Gallery, which is in front of the Siwamokhaphiman Hall; The Archaeological and Art History collection, which showcases items from the Dvaravati, Srivijaya, and Lopburi periods; The Prehistoric Period Gallery, which has artifacts from the Sukhothai, Ayutthaya to Rattanakosin periods and is exhibited in the back of the Siwamokhaphiman Hall.